What Happened In Concentration Camps In Germany
Abbreviated as kl or kz were an integral feature of the regime in nazi germany between 1933 and 1945 the term concentration camp refers to a camp in which people are detained or confined usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy.
What happened in concentration camps in germany. The first nazi concentration camp was dachau established in march 1933 near munich. Auschwitz ii birkenau a concentration and extermination camp built. From 1933 to 1945 nazi germany operated more than a thousand concentration camps on its own territory and in parts of german occupied europe. By the time of its liberation auschwitz had grown to include three large camps and 45 sub camps.
The auschwitz concentration camp german. This article presents a partial list of the most prominent nazi concentration camps and extermination camps set up across europe before and during the course of world war ii and the holocaust a more complete list drawn up in 1967 by the west german ministry of justice names about 1 200 camps and subcamps in countries occupied by germany. The major purpose of the earliest concentration camps during the 1930s was to incarcerate and intimidate the leaders of political social and cultural movements that the nazis perceived to be a threat to the survival of the regime. The first concentration camp.
The first camps were established in march 1933 immediately after adolf hitler became chancellor of germany following the night of long knives in 1934 the concentration camps were run exclusively by the ss via the concentration camps inspectorate and. Without such proof prosecution had no case. The auschwitz concentration camp auschwitz is the german spelling of oswiecim quickly became the largest nazi concentration and death camp. Even before world war ii germany struggled with the idea of african mixed race german citizens while interracial marriage was legal under german law at the time beginning in 1890 some colonial officials started refusing to register them using eugenics arguments about the inferiority of mixed race children to support their decision.
The more notorious concentration camps of the 20th century must serve as a stark reminder of the depravity of tearing children away from their parents and putting them in camps. Obóz koncentracyjny auschwitz was a complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by nazi germany in occupied poland during world war ii and the holocaust it consisted of auschwitz i the main camp stammlager in oświęcim.
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